The 100,000 to 200,000 people who constitute the Lega tribe live in autonomous villages situated at the summit of a hill surrounded by a palisade. The position of chief is held by the oldest member of the clan who must also hold the highest grade within Bwami society. The function of the Bwami, which is open to both men and women, is to regulate the social and political life of the Lega. It maintains ethical principles and establishes social norms. The diverse, rigidly articulated arts of the Lega are related to the initiation rites. The fetish figures were used during initiation ceremonies related to the Bwami secret society. According to J.-B. Bacquart, the figure represents the elephant hunter.